It is no secret that all of us, at some point in life, have voluntarily put aside or delayed doing something to a later time. So long as we remain human, we have had our own taste of procrastination. Academic procrastination has proved to be the most prevalence. Possibly, 95% of students fall victims.
Psychology argues that pleasure principle may be responsible for procrastination. This is where a person chooses avoidance and delay to emotional and stressful tasks. As the deadline for such tasks grows nearer, the need for procrastination become intense.
Procrastination can be very consoling for someone who fear failure. Some people choose to avoid taking some tasks because they shy away from the idea of unsuccessful results.
With no clear set goals, procrastination chips in because there is no objective to work towards. Human mind works best with a target to look up to.
Negative attitude. This is a mother cause of failure in life. Negative attitude kills morale and productivity. If you don’t warm up to something, you will keep delay doing it.
Low energy level. Sometimes our brain is ready to work but the body refuses. This can be as a result of Lack of sleep, which can make someone to feel whacked and sulky.
What to do,
As much as one may need a target to avoid procrastination, setting unattainable goals is also a killer. Attainable goals can be the best guideline towards productivity. Make your tasks achievable in the best way that suits your ability. Always remember that small and easy to start tasks reduce procrastination.
You need to understand that failure is not fateful. To kill procrastination, desist from going into a task with a mindset of failure. Besides, failing to do something is the hidden meaning of failure. It is better to attempt and fail rather than not execute it completely. Failing is an opportunity to learn from mistakes made. When you try and fail, you have a wrong to right and a lesson to learn.
Train your mind to bringing closer an outcome of procrastination. For example, you can tell yourself that ‘If you do not finish a report by deadline, you face missing out on the graduation list’. This can motivate you to debar from procrastinating for fear of failing to graduate because of missing marks.
Find a way to proximate the benefits of long-term choices. This can be done by a strategy known as ‘Temptation bundling’. This is a concept arrived at from a behavioral research by one Katy Milkmat at the University of Pennsylvania. It states that you bundle a behavior that is favorable to you in the long-run with that which feels favorable in short-term. For example, you can jam on your favorable music as you study.
Commitment Device. You can make a choice in the present which restricts your own set of choices in the future. This majorly is to attempt to control future impulsive behavior, limiting your choices to those that reflect long-term goals. For example, you want to finish writing a paper for your examinations but a movie in your computer is making you delay doing that. You can choose to stop wasting time on the movie by deleting it from your computer.